Lezione 4

Corso Inglese 2019/20 📚 🇬🇧
Lesson 4
Presidente Ex Prof. Maurizio Righi
• Felicity O’Dell “Total Pet” Student’s book”, Black Cat.
• Felicity O’Dell “Total Pet “Vocabulary Maximizer” , Black Cat

Daily life/Greetings and introductions
Let’s revise:
1. Formal English Greetings and Introductions
Kasia: Good morning! You must be Olivier.
O: Yes, good morning! I’m sorry, and your name is…?
K: My name’s Kasia. Very nice to meet you. Welcome to Madrid!
O: Thank you.
K: How are you today?
O: Very well, thank you, and yourself?
K: I’m good, thanks for asking.

2. Neutral Greetings and Introductions in English
O: Hello!
K: Hello! Are you Olivier?
O: Yes, that’s right. What’s your name?
K: Kasia. Nice to meet you.
O: And you.
K: How are you?
O: Fine, thanks, and you?
K: I’m good, thanks.

3. Informal Greetings and Introductions in English
O: Hi!
K: Hey! Olivier?
O: Yeah. Your name?
K: Kasia. Good to meet you.
O: You too.
K: How you doing?
O: Yeah, not bad. You?
K: Pretty good!

Introducing Someone Else in English

formal situations:
O: Let me introduce my colleague, Kasia.
K: May I introduce my colleague, Olivier?
O: This is Kasia.
K: Have you met Olivier?

informal situations,(you might not introduce people at all)
• Have you guys met?
• Do you two know each other?
• John, Emma.
• Emma, John.

Check your Homework:

Exercise 1: When can you use the following words and phrases? Choose between: formal situations, informal situations, any situation, never.

1. Good evening.
2. Nice to meet you.
3. Good day, my lady.
4. Hey, how’re things?
5. John, this is Nadine.
Check your answers
1. Formal
2. Any
3. Never
4. Informal
5. Any

Exercise 2: Are the following greetings appropriate, or not?

6. Meeting your husband/wife’s parents for the first time and saying “Good afternoon.” Inappropriate—good morning is used between family members and friends, but good afternoon and good evening are generally used by shop assistants and other people working in the service industry.

7. You walk into your new English class and say “Allow me to introduce myself.” Inappropriate—it’s too formal.

8. You introduce your boss’ presentation at a meeting by saying: “Let me introduce our next speaker: …” Ok—it’s quite formal, but would almost certainly be appropriate in a professional environment.

9. You walk into a nice restaurant and say “Hi, how’re things?” Possibly inappropriate—it could sound too informal, but it depends on the restaurant and the country. Americans, for example, are often more informal in these situations.

10. You are introduced to your friend’s brother. He says, “Nice to meet you,” you say, “How do you do?” A little formal—your friend’s brother is not a business associate, and he said Nice to meet you, so replying with How do you do could sound a little bit cold.

1) Toni Watson (born 13 May 1993), known professionally as Tones and I, is an Australian singer-songwriter.


No one wants to listen to the kids these days
Yeah the fibs (frottole/raccontare frottole) these days, yeah
They say that we’re all the same
But they’re the ones to blame
Speaking of the young as if we killed someone
But we don’t need your guns
We’re all too busy on the run
Tryna ( trying) be someone ( cercando di essere qualcuno)
The kids are coming
The kids are gunning
The kids are running
The kids are coming
The kids are coming
The kids are gunning
The kids are running
The kids are coming for you
No one seems to understand the kids these days
And why we live this way
We got to clean up the mess you’ve made
Still you don’t wanna change
You create the law
But can’t control our thoughts
And no we won’t be bought ( non saremo comprati)
We don’t just protest for the fun
We’re here to get it done (per farlo)
The kids are coming
The kids are gunning ( sparano)
The kids are running
The kids are coming
The kids are coming
The kids are gunning
The kids are running
The kids are coming for you
Now you’ve gone ( siete andati) and done it ( l’avete fatto) and we locked you in the basement
Marching through the streets is not the only way to change things
Now you’ve gone and done it and we locked you in the basement
Marching through the streets is not the only way to change things
This never would’ve happened when I was a boy!
You kids these days ( di questi giorni) and your millenium items ( I vostri milioni di oggetti)
And your card games
And your loud music
And your hula hoops
And your hopscotch ( gambazzoppa)
And your dungarees ( pantaloni di tela tipo tuta)
And your lollipops ( lecca lecca)
And your Sony Playstations
And your…
The kids are coming
The kids are gunning
The kids are running
The kids are coming
The kids are coming for you

2) Read Greta Thunberg’s full speech at the United Nations Climate Action Summit

Watch: Greta Thunberg’s full speech to world leaders at UN Climate Action Summit

My message is that we’ll be watching you.
This is all wrong. I shouldn’t be up here. I should be back in school on the other side of the ocean. Yet, you all come to us young people for hope. How dare you (come osate/vi permettete)!
You have stolen my dreams and my childhood with your empty words and yet I’m one of the lucky ones. People are suffering. People are dying. Entire ecosystems are collapsing. We are in the beginning of a mass extinction and all you can talk about is money and fairytales of eternal economic growth. How dare you!
For more than 30 years, the science has been crystal clear. How dare you continue to look away and come here saying that you’re doing enough when the politics and solutions needed are still nowhere in sight.
You say you hear us and that you understand the urgency, but no matter how sad and angry I am, I do not want to believe that. Because if you really understood the situation and still kept on failing to act then you would be evil and that I refuse to believe.
The popular idea of cutting our emissions in half in 10 years only gives us a 50 percent chance of staying below 1.5 degrees and the risk of setting off irreversible chain reactions beyond human control.
Fifty percent may be acceptable to you, but those numbers do not include tipping points (il punto critico), most feedback loops (continui) , additional warming hidden by toxic air pollution or the aspects of equity and climate justice.
They also rely on my generation sucking hundreds of billions of tons of your CO2 out of the air with technologies that barely exist.
So a 50 percent risk is simply not acceptable to us, we who have to live with the consequences.
How dare you pretend that this can be solved with just business as usual and some technical solutions? With today’s emissions levels, that remaining CO2 budget will be entirely gone within less than eight and a half years.
There will not be any solutions or plans presented in line with these figures here today, because these numbers are too uncomfortable and you are still not mature enough to tell it like it is.
You are failing us (ci deludete/rovinando/tergiversate), but the young people are starting to understand your betrayal. The eyes of all future generations are upon you and if you choose to fail us (deluderci), I say: We will never forgive you.
We will not let you get away (scappare) with this. Right here, right now is where we draw the line (tracciamo una linea).
The world is waking up and change is coming, whether you like it or not.
Thank you.

3) I dreamt I was a sardine. https://context.reverso.net/traduz…/italiano-inglese/sardina

Let’s read some british newspapers Headlines:
Italy’s Sardines push back (reagiscono) against Salvini’s nationalist tide
‘Sardines against Salvini’: Italians pack squares (piazza piene) in protest against far right
Thousands converge in bid (nel tentativo)to beat (di sconfiggere) numbers drawn (numeri vincenti) to League leader’s pre-election rallies (raduni preelettorali) Matteo Salvini’s bid( dichiarazione) for return to power in key Italian vote contested by new ‘Sardines’ protest group

Grammar tips:




Quote: “Life is rather like a tin of sardines, we’re all of us looking for the key” Alan Bennet (english actor)


Read this abridged article (articolo ridotto) taken from “Green left weekly” https://www.greenleft.org.au/ :
– Fill in the chart below after reading it:
– I agree on this/these statement/s (affermazione/i):
– I don’t agree on this/these statement/s:

Notes: Agree on/with/to: https://www.myhappyenglish.com/…/agree-with-agree-to-agree…/

Can the Italian ‘sardines’ movement put an end to right-wing hegemony?

About 15,000 people gathered in Piazza Maggiore, Bologna, on November 14, for a flash mob to countermobilise (contromobilitazione) against right-wing politician Matteo Salvini’s assembly nearby.
The mobilisation (mobilitazione) was indisputably a big success, so much so, that in the next few days, similar initiatives were organised in other Italian cities and towns, giving life to a fully-fledged movement (movimento a pieno titolo)
The protesters call themselves “sardines”, both as a statement that they are able to pack the squares “like sardines”, and to metaphorically oppose the violent and aggressive language of the right.
Italy needs a new left-wing but the sardines’ movement seems unable to build an effective alternative to right-wing ideology.
The sardines’ movement is not a viable (praticabile) political alternative, and their opposition to Salvini runs the risk of becoming unsuccessful.
In this sense, the movement has been correctly accused by the radical left of being an empty vessel without a concrete political proposal.
In response to these accusations, the sardines have released a manifesto and a 10-point “Charter of values”, which shows the movement’s weakness and lack of content.
The sardines have targeted populism as their main political enemy and appointed themselves as promoters of love and empathy against racism and intolerance.
These are just and noble causes, but they are completely ineffective if they don’t go hand in hand with a radical criticism of the current system.
For instance, in their “Charter of Values” the sardines never mention the European Union’s austerity policies, which are undoubtedly the main cause of people’s discontent and, consequently, of the rise of right-wing populism and nationalism.
Similarly, there is no mention of social and civil rights, nor the rise in poverty and unemployment.
Moreover, the sardines claim to be apolitical and have banned party flags from their flash mobs in the name of “inclusivity”. However, this is a strategic mistake, since it is not possible to oppose a political tendency, such as right-wing populism, without analysing the causes that gave rise to this phenomenon and without taking a strong, definite and politically clear stand against it.
As things stand now, the sardines’ movement is a mild and politically neutral opposition, made up of empty rhetoric and ephemeral (effimere) good intentions.
What is lacking in the sardines’ movement is exactly this: a critical understanding of the causes of the rise of populism, nationalism and people’s discontent.
The fight against racism and right-wing populism cannot be neutral and apolitical otherwise it will inevitably end up being ineffective and reinforcing its enemy.
Being “apolitical” and banning party flags within an unfair political system does not cause any harm to it, and may even legitimize that system.
Racism, hatred and intolerance will only be defeated through the parallel elimination of the injustices and inequalities of the current capitalist system.

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