lezione 3

Corso Inglese 2019/20 📚
Lesson 3
Presidente Ex Prof. Maurizio Righi
• Felicity O’Dell “Total Pet” Student’s book”, Black Cat.
• Felicity O’Dell “Total Pet “Vocabulary Maximizer” , Black Cat

Daily life/Greetings and introductions .
Check your Homework:
1. Have a look at the facebook site of the Maroon https://www.facebook.com/maroon5/
2. Have a look at the facebook site of Adam Levinehttps://www.facebook.com/OfficialAdamLevine/
3. Read the article. Adam Levine calls death of Maroon 5’s manager Jordan Feldstein ‘saddest moments of our llives’https://eu.usatoday.com/…/adam-levine-remembers…/2130445002/

Adam Levine calls death of Maroon 5’s manager Jordan Feldstein ‘saddest moments of our lives’
Published : Nov 27, 2018
Jordan Feldstein, the band’s longtime manager and brother of actor Jonah Hill died unexpectedly at his Los Angeles home at the age of 40 last December from a pulmonary embolism.He had gone into cardiac arrest by the time paramedics arrived and died a short time later.
Adam Levine of Maroon 5 said he thinks about his late manager Jordan Feldstein “every day.”
Levine called Feldstein’s death “so horrific and so gut-wrenching (sconvolgente/straziante).”
“It was a tragedy foisted upon us ( imposteci) and far and away (di gran lunga) one of the saddest moments of our lives, and personally of mine,” He was one of the most important people in my life from a very early age.”
“It will always be something that’s missing in my life. I break down (sono distrutto, sopraffatto dall’emozione) ; I cry. We built this together, and it will never be complete without him,” he adds. “But at the same time, we know he wants us to keep trucking (continuare, andare Avanti su questa strada) .”
Feldstein was the founder and chief executive (Direttore generale) of Career Artist Management and had managed (dirigeva/ gestiva ) Maroon 5 since its inception (inizio/nascita) 15 years ago. His company also counts (annovera/conta) Miguel, The B-52s, Elle King and Rick Springfield among its clients……

Now watch this clip: Adam Levine & James Valentine “Memories” Live on the Howard Stern Show
Maroon 5 members Adam Levine and James Valentine perform “Memories,” their new song written about the band’s manager who passed away recently. Adam’s manager.

Are you ready to sing? This is an emotional song (canzone con impatto emotivo) I take it (immagino/suppongo). Are you to tell us what it’s about or you just you go to…
Ah yeah I mean it’s still kind of rhyme ……The song is definitely about first and formal the song is about everybody . I want to make sure I can personalize it and have ..about our manager Who s ar….
Your manager died
He passed away very recently and it is still really rough difficult..
Is a song when You loved
Like my brother
And part of the process of this song is a kind of deal with the fact that you loved this….now your brother has gone.
Yes I Know I think I needed this more, I needed this song , I think everyone shares in a world that grow, increasingly care increasingly care increasingly (sempre +) care..I feel angry on a lot of things . I feel like rather than fight the bad things might have come and grown all of us have had loss.
I’s a song about loss. Losing someone you’d loved.
Yes and celebrating them too as well, the thing is important .
……………I more…
..I like to take a tea.
Hei, I’d love that…

Adam’s wife: Behati Prinsloo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behati_Prinsloo

English Greetings and Introductions-Spoken English: (11.23)
There are many different ways to greet people and introduce yourself in English. In different situations, you’ll need to use different words and phrases to greet people or make introductions

This lesson will help you:
1. Learn about the differences between formal and informal greetings in English.
2. Understand neutral introductions and greetings.
3. Learn how to use informal greetings and introductions.
4. Introduce someone else in English.
See the full version of this lesson here: https://www.oxfordonlineenglish.com/g….

1. Formal Greetings and Introductions 0:55
2. Neutral Greetings and Introductions 5:08
3. Informal Greetings and Introductions 7:19
4. How to Introduce Someone Else 9:30

1. Formal English Greetings and Introductions
Imagine that you’re on a business trip, and you’re meeting some important clients for the first time.
Or maybe you work in service, for example in a hotel, and you need to talk to guests and customers.
In these situations, you’ll want to use more formal language.
Kasia: Good morning! You must be Olivier.
Olivier: Yes, good morning! I’m sorry, and your name is…?
K: My name’s Kasia. Very nice to meet you. Welcome to Madrid!
O: Thank you.
K: How are you today?
O: Very well, thank you, and yourself?
K: I’m good, thanks for asking.

This dialogue uses more formal language. Can you see what makes it formal?
First, I started by saying good morning. The greetings good morning, good afternoon and good evening are quite formal and are generally only used in formal situations.
There’s one exception: you can sometimes use good morning informally with people you know well.
However, it’s common in this situation to shorten it to just morning.
Can you see any other examples of formal language in this dialogue?
There are many. Firstly, I asked Kasia’s name by saying, and your name is…? This is more formal than asking what’s your name?
After she introduced herself, Kasia said very nice to meet you. Saying nice to meet you is neutral—neither formal nor informal. However, adding very makes it sound much more formal. One word can make a big difference!
I introduced myself with a full sentence: My name’s Kasia. When speaking less formally, you’d use a shorter introduction, like I’m Kasia or just Kasia.
After I introduced myself, I said Welcome to Madrid. Does this sound formal or informal to you?
It’s quite formal. Do you know what makes it formal?
Again, it’s a small change which makes a big difference. Saying welcome by itself is neutral—it’s not so formal. However, adding to and a place makes it sound much more formal.
So, if you say, Welcome to our office! that sounds formal, while if you just say, Welcome! it doesn’t sound so formal.
It’s common when greeting someone in English to ask some kind of how are you question. Do you remember what Kasia asked me?
She asked How are you today?
Again, one word makes the difference/do you know which one?
It’s today. Asking how are you is neutral. Adding today makes it sound more formal.
My answer, Very well, thank you, also sounds quite formal. If I was speaking more neutrally, I’d say something like, Well, thanks. Adding very and saying thank you instead of thanks makes it sound more formal.
Finally, Olivier asked me how are you back. Do you remember how he did it?
He asked, and yourself? This is more formal than asking and you?
I replied and said thanks for asking. You wouldn’t say thanks for asking in a more informal situation.
So, you’ve seen here how small changes can make a big difference to how formal your language sounds.
Remember that formality doesn’t just depend on the words you use; other things like tone of voice and body language are also important.
Next, let’s look at how to handle greetings and introductions in a neutral way.

2. Neutral Greetings and Introductions in English
‘Neutral’ means neither formal nor informal.
For example, imagine you’re at work, and you meet a new colleague. You’re the same age and you’re in the same department.
This is an example of a neutral situation. You don’t need to be very formal, but you also wouldn’t want to sound too casual.
O: Hello!
K: Hello! Are you Olivier?
O: Yes, that’s right. What’s your name?
K: Kasia. Nice to meet you.
O: And you.
K: How are you?
O: Fine, thanks, and you?
K: I’m good, thanks.

First, compare this dialogue to the formal one from part one. They follow the same pattern, but this dialogue is much less formal. Can you see the differences?
First, we started with a neutral greeting, hello. You can use hello in any situation.
Then, I asked Olivier his name with a simple question, What’s your name?
Hello, what’s your name… pretty easy, right? That’s because neutral language is generally the simplest language.
If you compare the two dialogues, you can see that this neutral dialogue is shorter than the formal dialogue you saw in part one.
This is very common: formal language is often longer and more complex. Neutral language is short and simple.
You can see this throughout the dialogue: we use the basic words and phrases that you probably learned in lesson one of your English classes at school: nice to meet you; how are you; fine, thanks; and so on.
Okay, so now you’ve learned about the difference between formal and neutral greetings and introductions.
What about informal greetings and introductions?

3. Informal Greetings and Introductions in English
Informal greetings and introductions are useful if you know someone well, or you’re meeting someone in a casual situation.
For example, if you’re hanging out with some friends, and your friends introduce you to one of their friends, you would probably use more informal language.
Let’s see how this works:
O: Hi!
K: Hey! Olivier?
O: Yeah. Your name?
K: Kasia. Good to meet you.
O: You too.
K: How you doing?
O: Yeah, not bad. You?
K: Pretty good!
So, what do you notice here?
The first thing you can see is that the dialogue is even shorter than the neutral dialogue you saw in part two.
We both used a lot of short questions and sentences.
For example:
• Olivier?
• Your name?
• How you doing?
• You?

These are fine in informal speech, and native speakers often shorten sentences and questions like this. However, you wouldn’t do this in a more formal situation.
There are also several phrases which you wouldn’t use in a more formal setting, such as:
• Hi/Hey
• Yeah
• Not bad
• Pretty good
These are all good words and phrases to use in an informal situation.
At this point, you could go back and review the three dialogues. Each dialogue has exactly the same structure only the language is different.
See how you can use different words and phrases to greet people and introduce yourself with different levels of formality.
Okay? Let’s look at one more thing.
When you’re making introductions, you might also need to introduce another person.

4. Introducing Someone Else in English
Let’s see how you can do that in formal, neutral, or informal ways.
Here’s a very formal introduction.
O: Let me introduce my colleague, Kasia.
Here’s another very formal way to introduce someone:
K: May I introduce my colleague, Olivier?
What about neutral introductions?
O: This is Kasia.
Here’s another way to make in introduction using neutral language.
K: Have you met Olivier?

Finally, what about informal introductions?
In informal situations, you might not introduce people at all.
You might just let them introduce themselves, or you might prompt them to introduce themselves by asking something like:
• Have you guys met?
• Do you two know each other?
If you want to make an informal introduction, the most common way is just to say the two people’s names, then say them again in reverse.
For example, imagine you’re introducing two people called John and Emma to each other. You could say:
• John, Emma. Emma, John.
So now, you should understand how to greet people and introduce yourself or someone else in different situations.
Thanks for watching!

Exercise1: When can you use the following words and phrases? Choose between: formal situations, informal situations, any situation, never.
1. Good evening.
2. Nice to meet you.
3. Good day, my lady.
4. Hey, how’re things?
5. John, this is Nadine.

Exercise2: Are the following greetings appropriate, or not?
6. Meeting your husband/wife’s parents for the first time and saying “Good afternoon.”
7. You walk into your new English class and say “Allow me to introduce myself.”
8. You introduce your boss’ presentation at a meeting by saying: “Let me introduce our next speaker: …”
9. You walk into a nice restaurant and say “Hi, how’re things?”
10. You are introduced to your friend’s brother. He says, “Nice to meet you,” you say, “How do you do?”

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